The Struggles and Solutions of Career Transitions


Career transitions, whether by choice or circumstance, can be both exciting and daunting. The path to a new career often comes with its own set of challenges.

What are some of the main struggles faced by the people during these transitions and how can we overcome them?


Finding time for learning and development

For those working full-time, dedicating large chunks of time to traditional learning methods can be challenging. The conventional classroom setting or long online courses might not always fit into a busy schedule.

Could micro-learning become a solution? 

Micro-learning refers to the process of learning through bite-sized lessons, typically ranging from a few seconds to 15 minutes. These lessons are designed to be consumed quickly, making them perfect for those with limited time. Micro-lessons can be taken during short breaks, commutes, or even while waiting in line.

Studies have shown that shorter, focused sessions can lead to better retention rates compared to longer learning sessions – the brain can absorb and process information more effectively in shorter bursts.

  • According to an eLearning Industry study, learners can absorb and retain information 17% more efficiently when that data is presented in smaller units.
  • With the rise of mobile technology, micro-learning often incorporates multimedia elements like videos, quizzes, and interactive graphics, making the learning experience more engaging.
  • Micro-learning often focuses on one specific skill or topic, allowing learners to immediately apply what they’ve learned.

Some of the platforms offering micro-learning:

  • edX:
    • EdX offers MicroBootCamps, which are short and intensive programs designed to provide learners with practical skills in specialized fields. These programs typically span a few weeks and offer hands-on experience in areas such as Artificial Intelligence (AI) and Data Analytics. MicroBootCamps are a prime example of how edX caters to learners looking for focused skill development.
    • You can take courses at their own pace.
    • EdX offers certifications for course completion, making it an attractive platform for professionals looking to acquire micro-credentials that demonstrate their expertise in specific areas.
  • Coursera:
    • Coursera provides a range of Specialization courses that allows you to delve into a particular subject or skill set. These Specializations often consist of a series of shorter courses, making them suitable for micro-learning.
    • You can also audit many courses for free – access to course materials without completing assignments or earning a certificate. This is an excellent way to engage in micro-learning without a financial commitment.
  • Udemy:
    • Udemy is well-known for its vast library of courses, many of which are relatively short and focus on specific skills or topics. These courses often range from a few hours to a couple of days, making them ideal for micro-learning.
    • Udemy follows an on-demand model, so you can purchase and access courses whenever you want.

If you would like longer but still not a lot of time-consuming courses, Google offers certificates for areas such as Digital Marketing, Data Analytics or X that you can complete in 6 months or less.


Financial Constraints

Transitioning to a new career often requires financial investments. This could be in the form of further education, certifications, or even periods of unpaid internships. For many, this presents a significant barrier, especially if they’re already managing existing financial commitments.

Budgeting and saving

→ Before making a career transition, it’s crucial to have a clear understanding of your financial situation. This includes knowing your monthly expenses, savings, and any outstanding debts.

Create a detailed budget that outlines all your expenses and potential costs associated with the career transition. This will help you determine how much you need to save and identify areas where you can cut back.

Scholarships and grants

→ Many institutions and organisations offer scholarships or grants specifically for individuals looking to change careers or upskill.

Employer-sponsored training

→ Some companies offer training programs or financial assistance for employees looking to learn new skills or transition within the company.

→ Speak with your HR department or supervisor about potential opportunities within your organisation. Even if you’re planning to leave after the transition, you don’t have to tell them that.

Part-time or freelance work

→ To supplement income during the transition, consider taking on part-time or freelance work. This not only provides additional income but can also offer valuable experience.

→ Platforms like Upwork or Freelancer can be good starting points for freelance opportunities (although it can take time to start getting clients there, so it could be a good idea to leverage your personal and professional network first).

Low-interest loans

→ If you need to pursue further education, consider low-interest student loans or personal loans to finance your studies.

→ Research loan options and compare interest rates. Websites like NerdWallet offer comparisons and reviews of various financial products.


Balancing current job responsibilities with transition efforts

Managing the demands of a current job while preparing for a new career can be overwhelming and exhausting. Striking a balance between maintaining job performance and dedicating time and effort to transition activities is crucial.

Manage your time effectively 

→ Allocating specific times for learning, job searching, and other transition-related activities can help in managing time effectively.

Create a detailed schedule, prioritize tasks, and set specific goals for each day or week. Utilize time management tools and apps to stay organized and focused.

Calendar Apps (Google Calendar, Zoho Calendar):

  • Use a digital calendar to schedule and allocate specific time blocks for your transition-related activities. This could include setting aside dedicated hours for job searching, online courses, networking events, and other career-change tasks.
  • Set reminders and notifications to ensure you don’t miss important appointments or deadlines related to your career transition.
  • Consider colour-coding your calendar entries to distinguish between work-related and transition-related activities.

Task Management Apps (Todoist, Trello, Asana):

  • Task management apps are excellent for creating to-do lists and breaking down your transition goals into manageable steps.
  • Prioritize tasks within these apps, so you can focus on the most important activities first.
  • Set due dates and reminders for each task to help you stay on track and meet your goals.

Time Tracking Apps (Toggl, Clockify):

  • Use time tracking apps to monitor how you’re spending your work hours and personal time.
  • Analyzing your time usage can help you identify opportunities for more efficient time management.
  • It also allows you to see how much time you’re dedicating to your career transition efforts, helping you ensure that you’re making consistent progress.

Note-Taking Apps (Evernote, OneNote):

  • Capture and organize your ideas, research, and notes related to your career transition in a digital note-taking app.
  • Create notebooks or folders for different aspects of your transition, making it easy to access and reference information when needed.

Project Management Tools (Microsoft Project,

  • For more complex career transition plans, project management tools can help you break down your goals into phases and tasks, assign responsibilities, and track progress.
  • These tools are particularly useful if you’re collaborating with others or if your career change involves multiple interconnected steps.

Focus and Productivity Apps (Focus@Will, Forest):

  • Use focus and productivity apps to help you concentrate during dedicated work or study sessions.
  • Some apps use techniques like the Pomodoro method to break your work into focused intervals with short breaks, enhancing productivity.

Goal Tracking Apps (Strides, Habitica):

  • These apps can help you set and track your career transition goals.
  • You can create daily, weekly, or monthly goals related to job searching, skill development, networking, or any other aspect of your transition.

Set clear boundaries

→ Establishing clear boundaries between work, learning, and personal time is essential to avoid burnout and maintain well-being.

→ Communicate your commitments to family, friends, and, if appropriate, to your current employer. Ensure to allocate time for relaxation and self-care.

Explore flexible work arrangements

→ Flexible work schedules or remote work options can provide additional time and flexibility for transition-related activities.

→ If possible, discuss flexible work arrangements with your current employer that can accommodate your learning and transition activities.


Overcoming the fear of the unknown

The uncertainty associated with changing careers can be daunting. Concerns about whether the new career will be fulfilling, financially rewarding, or even a good fit can create anxiety and fear, potentially hindering the transition process.

Conduct thorough research

→ Having a clear understanding of the new career, industry trends, job roles, and market demand can alleviate uncertainties.

→ Utilise online resources, industry reports, and informational interviews to gather comprehensive information about the new career path. Websites like Glassdoor can provide insights into company cultures, salaries, and job expectations.

Seek professional advice

→ Career counsellors and coaches can provide personalised advice, assessments, and guidance to help in making informed career decisions.

→ Consider scheduling a session to discuss your career goals, assess your skills and interests, and develop a transition plan.

Set realistic expectations

→ Having realistic expectations about the new career, including the challenges, learning curve, and initial setbacks, can prepare you mentally and emotionally. For example, if you’re moving from being a lawyer to learning computer science – as you’d be beginning from a junior position, you will have to adjust your expectations for the budget and expected pay.

→ Reflect on your career goals, assess the required effort and commitment, and be prepared to face challenges with resilience and a positive mindset.

Building a support network

→ Having a support network of friends, family, and mentors can provide encouragement, perspective, and emotional support during the transition.

→ Communicate your career aspirations with your close ones and seek support and advice from those who have experienced career transitions.

Start small

→ Taking small steps, such as attending workshops or taking online courses related to the new career, can provide exposure and build confidence.

→ Identify short-term goals and opportunities to gain insights and experience in the new field before making a full transition.

There are no magic spells that make sure you succeed – but preparation, research and determination will always bring you far!